Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS / PCOD)

Jan 31, 2022
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS / PCOD)

PCOS/PCOD:Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which the ovaries produce an abnormal amount of androgens, male sex hormones that are usually present in women in small amounts. The name polycystic ovary syndrome describes the numerous small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) that form in the ovaries.

People with PCOS may experience irregular menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess hair, acne, pelvic pain, difficulty getting pregnant, and patches of thick, darker, velvety skin. 

The primary characteristics of this syndrome include: hyperandrogenism, anovulation, insulin resistance and neuroendocrine disruption.


The exact cause of PCOS is not clear but is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Risk factors include obesity, a lack of physical exercise, and a family history of someone with the condition. Diagnosis is based on two of the following three findings: 

  1. Anovulation,
  2. High androgen levels,
  3. Ovarian cysts.

Other conditions that produce similar symptoms include adrenal hyperplasia, hypothyroidism, and high blood levels of prolactin.

Many women with PCOS have insulin resistance. This means the body can't use insulin well. Insulin levels build up in the body and may cause higher androgen levels. Obesity can also increase insulin levels and make PCOS symptoms worse.

PCOS may also run in families. It's common for sisters or a mother and daughter to have PCOS.


S. No.



Missed periods, irregular periods, or very light periods


Weight gain, especially around the belly (abdomen)


Acne or oily skin


Ovaries that are large or have many cysts.


Male-pattern baldness or thinning hair.




Small pieces of excess skin on the neck or armpits (skin tags)


Dark or thick skin patches on the back of the neck, in the armpits, and under the breasts


Excess body hair, including the chest, stomach, and back (hirsutism)


  1. Ultrasound. This test uses sound waves and a computer to create images of blood vessels, tissues, and organs. This test is used to look at the size of the ovaries and see if they have cysts. The test can also look at the thickness of the lining of the uterus (endometrium).
  2. Blood tests. These look for high levels of androgens and other hormones. Your health care provider may also check your blood glucose levels. And you may have your cholesterol and triglyceride levels checked.
  3. Homoeopathy offers best treatment without side effects commonly used medicines are Dr.Reckeweg’s R 10, Dr.Reckeweg’s R 20, Dr.Reckeweg’s R 28, Dr.Reckeweg’s Janosia ashoka Q and Dr.Reckeweg’s Sabina Q . Along with them there are other medicines which can be taken with them as per symptoms of individual patient.

S. No.

Homoeopathic medicines for PCOD


Dr.Reckeweg’s Apis mellifica


Dr.Reckeweg’s Baryta carbonica


Dr.Reckeweg’s Calc carbonica


Dr.Reckeweg’s Conium maculatum


Dr.Reckeweg’s Lachesis


Dr.Reckeweg’s Lycopodium


Dr.Reckeweg’s Natrum mur


Dr.Reckeweg’s Pulsatilla


Dr.Reckeweg’s Sepia


Dr.Reckeweg’s Staphysagria


Dr.Reckeweg’s Sulphur

  1. Dr.Reckeweg’s Apis mellifica

    Ovaritis worse in right ovary. Menses suppressed with cerebral and head symptoms especially in young girls. Dysmenorrhea with severe ovarian pains. Sense of tightness, bearing-down as if menses were to appear. Ovarian tumors metritis with stinging pains. There is great tenderness over abdomen and uterine region. She has apathy, indifference and unconsciousness. She also has Jealous, fidgety, vexation, grief and is hard to please.

  2. Dr.Reckeweg’s Baryta carbonica

    There is menses scanty, pain before menses in stomach and small of back. This remedy best suits to person who is very sensitive to cold, has offensive foot-sweats, very weak and weary and must sit or lie down or lean on something. They are very averse to meeting strangers. It affects glandular structures. Patient has Loss of memory and mental weakness and confusion. There is bashful and childish behavior in adult females.

  3. Dr.Reckeweg’s Calc carbonica

    She has menses too early, too profuse and too long with vertigo, toothache. There is headache, colic, chilliness and leucorrhea before menses. She has cutting pains in uterus during menstruation. Uterus is weak and displaced easily. Leucorrhea is milky. Burning and itching of parts before and after menstruation in little girls. Before menses she has hot swelling of breasts, breasts tender and swollen. There is history of Sterility with copious menses. There is uterine polypi. They are timid, shy and introverted.

  4. Dr.Reckeweg’s Conium maculatum

    She has delayed and scanty menses. There is Dysmenorrhea with drawing-down thighs. Breast is lax and shrunken, hard and painful to touch. There are stitches in nipples. Breasts enlarge and become painful before and during menses. Symptoms of rashes before menses. There is itching around pudenda. There is indurations of os and cervix. There is ovaritis, ovaries are enlarged, indurate with lancinating pain.

  5. Dr.Reckeweg’s Lachesis

    The patient has menses too short and too feeble. The menstural pains all relieved by the flow. There are hemorrhages with vertex headache fainting spells. Pain abdomen is worse from pressure of clothes. The left ovary is very painful, swollen and indurates. Symptoms often accompanied with loquacity. They are very witty and intelligent.

  6. Dr.Reckeweg’s Lycopodium

    Menses too late, last too long and too profuse. Vagina is dry and coition is painful. Right ovarian pain. Varicose veins of pudenda. Leucorrhea is acrid with burning in vagina. Discharge of blood from genitals during stool. They are melancholic and afraid to be alone. Averse to undertaking new things. Loss of self-confidence. Hurried when eating. Constant fear of breaking down under stress. Weak memory, confused thoughts and.

  7. Dr.Reckeweg’s Nat mur

    Menses are irregular and usually profuse. Vagina is dry so there is no desire for coitus. Leucorrhea is acrid and watery. Bearing-down pains worse in morning. Suppressed menses especially in girls having anemia. Psychic causes of disease ill effects of grief, fright, anger etc. Depressed particularly in chronic diseases. Consolation aggravates her symptoms so she wants to be alone to cry. Irritable gets into a passion about trifles.

  8. Dr.Reckeweg’s Pulsatilla

    Amenorrhea suppressed menses from wet feet, nervous debility or chlorosis. Menses are tardy, too late, scanty, thick, dark, clotted, changeable and intermittent. Leucorrhea acrid, burning and creamy. Pain in back with tired feeling. Best suited to who weeps easily, timid and irresolute. They like likes sympathy and consolation which relives their suffering. There is morbid dread of the opposite sex. They are of highly emotional temperament.

  9. Dr.Reckeweg’s Sepia

    Menses are too late, scanty, irregular, early and profuse. Pelvic organs are relaxed. Bearing-down sensation as if everything would escape through vulva. Must cross limbs to prevent protrusion or press against vulva. Leucorrhea is yellow, greenish with much itching. Vagina is painful, especially on coition. Averse to occupation and to family. They are very sad got easily Irritated and offended. Weeps when telling thier symptoms. Consolation aggravates her suffering they so they wants to be alone.

  10. Dr.Reckeweg’s Staphysagria

    Menses are Irregular with parts very sensitive worse sitting down. There is irritable bladder in young married women. Leucorrhea is yellow and offensive with aching in abdomen and around the hips. They are impetuous with violent outbursts of passion. They are very sensitive to opinion of others. Get easily offended on little criticism.

  11. Dr.Reckeweg’s Sulphur

    The Menses is too late, short, scanty and difficult. The flow is thick, black, and acrid and parts are sore. There is itching in the pudenda. Vagina burns. The perspiration is much offensive. The Menses preceded by headache or stops suddenly. There is Leucorrhea which is burning and excoriating. Nipples cracked which smart and burn. There is religious melancholia and aversion to business. They are nearly always irritable, depressed, thin and weak even with good appetite.

Diet and exercise for PCOS

Diet have vital role in treatment of PCOS

Foods to eat: Green leafy vegetables, broccoli, carrot, tomato, apple, banana, kiwi, brown rice, peanut butter, almonds, sprouts, salads, high fiber unprocessed cereals, chicken, egg and fish.

Food to avoid: Grapes, mangoes, red meat, pork, white rice, sausage, fries, soda, canned juices, sugar, refined cereals,  refined flour, chocolates and potato.

As PCOS is hormonal related problem so exercise and other mental activities have significant role in it’s treatment and management.

    1. Regular exercise

    2. Meditation

    3. Talk to friends

    4. Take a walk

    5. Read books

    6. Spend time in nature

About the author - Dr. Sushil Kumar Vats (Senior Consultant)


  1. B.H.M.S.(1988-89) from Nehru Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital,Delhi.
  2. M.D.(Homeopathy), Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University, Agra.


  1. Member- Homeopathy Advisory Committee, Govt. of Delhi from 1999 to 2014.
  2. Member- Executive Committee, Delhi Homeopathic Anusandhan Parishad, a research body of Delhi Govt. since 1999 to 2017
  3. Special Invitee- Scientific Advisory Committee, Delhi Homeopathic Anusandhan Parishad, Govt. of Delhi, since 1999 to 2017
  4. Dr.Yudhveer Singh Award (1997) by the board of Homoeopathic System of Medicine, Govt. of Delhi.
  5. Examiner- Board of Homoeopathic System of Medicine, New Delhi.
  6. Honored by Pareek Foundation for Homoeopathic Research, Agra for �Outstanding Services rendered to Homoeopathic Journalism.